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Published in Iran - Social interactions and entertainment - 15 May 2016 03:28 - 17

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Beautiful full view of Naqsh-e Rustam Iran
Geography Naqsh-e Rustam
Naqsh-e Rustam name of the ancient collection in the villageof Zangiabad located in the northern city of Shiraz in Fars province of Iran,
which is located 6 kilometers from Persepolis. Yadmanhayy the archaeological
site of the Elamite, Achaemenid, and Sassanid in its place and has around 1200
BC to 625 AD was the focus of attention because the tomb four kings Achaemenid,
Sassanian reliefs of a number of major events, building the Kaaba of Zoroaster
and Vyranshdhay relief from the Elamite era in this place and in the Sassanid
era, Naqsh-e Rustam area of ​​religious and national importance have been.
In the past, this place was Dogonbadan Segonbad or among thepeople of the region were caught by the names of mountains, mountain, pool or
mountain was also called Nfsht and possibly the name of Naqsh-e Rostam, Rostam
after the Iranians, Shahnameh heroes and interact Sngngarhhay Sassanid kings It
was to this place.
Four tombs were dug mercy of the mountain dungeon in thechest that belonged to Darius the Great, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I, and Darius II
that all of them have the same properties.
Ardashir the first one who in this area, Sngngarhay shavedand Tajgyryash scene recorded from Ahura Mazda. He also Tajgzaryshan Sassanid
kings scenes or descriptions of battles and Aftkhartshan on the breast of the
mountain. That Artaxerxes and his son Shapur II Nqshbrjsthhayy counterparts in
the Achaemenid reliefs in Naqsh-e Rustam shaved, probably in imitation of the
past have been the political and cultural sequences.


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Renovated beautiful view of Naqsh-e Rustam Iran
History Naqsh-e Rustam
Naqsh-e Rustam in the north of Shiraz and 6 kilometers from Persepolis on a mountain trail Hsynkvh locals call it, is located. When we were on the platform of Persepolis, Hsynkvh well see that as a huge
cliff over the air Tuesday Caillebotte, why in the past it Segonbad
Mygfthand.hsynkvh and gardening Naqsh-e Rustam were caught in between
the locals to the mountains, mountain pool or mountain Nfsht but remember Dogonbadan known Ctesian exercise undertaken with the name of
the mountain, saying: "Iran to the Persian kings took the body, put tomb
on Mount Dogonbadan inward. Darius ordered a mausoleum on Mount Dogonbadan out. He asked if this was done. "Diodorus of Sicily (Book 17, paragraph 71) as well as e-Rostam tombs in this way has learned that was not the way
to enter the tomb and coffin with toys were imported into the tomb.
Sngngarhhay probably the Sassanid kings, wars and victories to mind, reminding and
Rustam Shah was a great champion, led to the dominance of the heroes of
the enemies of Iranians Sngtrashyha showed, Naqsh-e Rustam Bnamnd.ardman
and Schmidt believe that the role of Rustam it was the first series of images on coins minted Brjshkl structures in
Iranian history (300 to 150 BC) point directly to the site of Pasargadae
and Naqsh-e Rustam Dashthand.saz·hhay also be important from the
perspective of architecture and later a model for building structures such as houses of worship were Nour.

David Stronach believes that the Achaemenid structures at Pasargadae and
Naqsh-e Rustam could have influenced the art of Urartu Brjshkl Avrartvyy
in their temples. But Ms Hyde Marie Koch believes that the Achaemenid tombs in Naqsh-e Rustam, Darius was quite innovative and the resulting innovation.
A symbol of the Ardashir detailed information is not available or had a clear conscience about the Achaemenids. But the fact that he and his son Shapur II Nqshbrjsthhayy counterparts in
the Achaemenid reliefs in Naqsh-e Rustam shaved, showing the cultural
and political sequences have been in imitation of the past.
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The photos Naqsh-e Rustam is in the past now has been beautifully refurbished and Iranian architects

Naqsh-e Rustam for the first time in 1923 (Solar 1302) by Ernst Herzfeld was exploration. Also, this area between 1936 and 1939. In several chapters in the exploration
group led by Eric Friedrich Schmidt was University of Chicago Oriental
Institute and important works such as Middle Persian inscriptions of
Shapur and some Sngngarhhay buried versions of the Sassanid era, during
these searches were found. Central excavations, Schmidt went to a building in the western parts remnants of two buildings made of mud bricks were found. In the West the summit, a cistern polygon (with a diameter of 7. 2 m) that was built of stones from the site were unearthed.

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Naqsh-e Rustam was excavated in ancient times, jewelry and antique was discovered that the goods

Elamite relief

What remains of this role, the gods and goddesses shows that its foundations
are snakes on a plane that is complex, sitting and others standing on
the right and left. In the right image, the full body of a man with a beard and long hair of
the head and a round hat with a strap, it is Bhtn package and long
robes. The man in respect to his chest and put his hands to God that his role is fading.

In the left picture, the effect is detectable another person who placed
the crown on the head and face Kngrhdar elegant and beardless that shows
her being a woman. The king and queen two person know that before the gods and goddesses were praying, the role of the gods and goddesses, instead of remaining
small effects, but not detectable.

History and the history of the role, there are different opinions, Ernst
Herzfeld and Haydmary Koch dating back to about 4000 years ago, but they
Shapur Shahbazi believes that the Queen's tiaras and crowns, as well as
designs that history is about 800 to 600 years ago BC and on the other hand, flat as a snake gods and goddesses who, like Korangi relief dates back to about 1200 BC. So Elamite-e-Rostam images were carved in two different periods. Jesus called both date to about 1200 BC considers these designs.

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Works left from the Elamite relief

cabe of zoroaster

Plhdaryst square stone building called the Kaaba of Zoroaster and the distance to
the mountain, and exactly opposite the tomb of Darius II is 46 meters.and above each entrance dug in the rock and is well known. The port bridges made of stone by the thirty stepped into the chamber of the play.

including Henry Rawlinson, and Walter Henning believe that the building of
religious documents and Avesta was Gnjkhanh and whereabouts. The building will also house a small group statue of the goddess Anahita
and believe that the Kaaba of Zoroaster laid maintenance. Shapur Shahbazi believes Kaaba of Zoroaster was a tomb Hkhamshy the Sassanid era have used it as a place of religious documents such as
Gnjkhanh.

Body of North, South and East of the tower, three inscriptions in three
languages ​​Sassanid, Parthian and Pahlavi Sassanid era written in Greek
in the first Sassanid Shapur Shdhast.kh one another and belong to the
priest Kartir as Walter Henning stated, "The inscriptions the most important historical documents are the Sassanid era. "Kaaba of
Zoroaster in terms of fit the size buildings, lines and external beauty,
beauty that is building the architectural principles can not be
delivered

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Kaaba of Zoroaster who say the Achaemenid tomb is located

The tomb of Darius the Great

The tomb of Darius the Great at the height of 26 meters above ground level
and Sngnbshthay lies in the tomb, belonging to Darius proves Gvrgah
Darius in October 486 BC and died at the tomb that was hewn in stone
mountain instead was. He came to the throne in 522 BC at the age of 64 after 36 years of rule, died of natural causes.

.The exterior of the tomb carved in the rock as tall as 60 meters tall, 22 meters wide cross with each arm, 10. 90 meters. In the upper part of the tomb of Darius the Orangi that people of
different lands on their shoulders, stood over him and hearth Forouhar
symbols are carved in front of him a king. There are nine graves inside the tomb shows that Darius addition, there also
lie close to him, but no evidence for the attribution of 9 grave inside
the tomb to certain people, are not known.was laid in the tomb was the king. The outer part of the ancient tomb has two inscriptions in Persian, Elamite, and Akkadian is the voice and speech is like Wills and this
epistle.
The tomb of Darius the Great.

.had a great influence on the actions of the king.
Middle part of the exterior of the mausoleum with four columns spaced 3. 15
meters and capitals Klhgavy, horizontal roof porch that has four poles
shoulder and in the middle of the door was open inside the tomb. And as Schmidt noticed, House imprint on the central front of the tomb in
more features like Tachara and the other kings also have imitation. This section of the corridor into the tomb, and within it there are three chambers, each with three graves are Sndvqmannd.

Cross the lower branches, Bynqsh and to create difficulty in climbing,
polishing Khvrdhastv in the tomb of Darius, the Sassanid king Bahram II
there are two roles

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The tomb of Darius the Great

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View inside the tomb of Darius the Great

The Byzantine emperor Shapur's victory

Kurangun His victory over the Roman Empire, the tomb of Darius the Great East is
located ten meters and about 11 meters long and 5 meters wide.one of the best roles of detail and sophistication Sassanid era and made it clear that the nature of Valerian comply even dress clothes
Romans of that time.

The king left hand on the sword, leaning and right-hand wrist sleeve to have been standing behind a Roman.

His horse harness decorated and tied tail, long and riveting tape and breaking it Vykhthast. Horses are so natural and right hand bend and almost immediately their state militias. Before the horse, a man in robes of Roman institutions left knee and right
knee bent to the ground and your hands to beg to the king long has this
person is middle-aged and short and curly beard, and his garments robes
of Roman emperors (Tuga) and on her head a crown of laurel leaves, crown imperial empire over the Mynhadnd and the same is to be seen. He has hung a sword scabbard have the reins in his hands a cross.

Kneeling beside the Roman, another person is standing in front of the king and beardless. But the diadem of laurel on the head and behind him stands a small bar and a
sword hangs from the waist and wrists, his left hand hidden in the
sleeve Srdvkhth been Shapur. Both of these people are Roman empire robe and a crown of laurel they are
saying that the emperor, but much has been discussed about their
identity. Until 1954, people said he kneels, valerian is that of King Amanullah and he
wants to stand, Krdyas name Azahl said Shapur Svryhast that lifted him
to the Empire

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Valerian knelt and bowed to the king Shapur Shapur Roman feet that could kill him and kill him pay compensation and the beauty of the Roman bridge built

Ahura Mazda and Ardashir I

Kurangun Ahura Mazda and Ardashir one of the prettiest and healthiest survivors
of the Sassanid era and one of the first roles of Ahura Mazda to exhibit
anthropomorphic images. The role of the eastern corner of the courtyard of Naqsh-e Rostam, the rock
carved chest that two meters from the ground, away and has 6. 65 m wide
and 2. Height is 40 meters. In this role, Ardashir left in the house, riding on a horse carved and
Ahura Mazda who also drove in front of him and the profile of the role
is located. To emphasize the greatness of Ahura Mazda and Artaxerxes, the smaller size of their horses was made and natural state.

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Philip the Arab and Valerian images on coins

Ardeshir under the horse's feet, body last Parthian king Artabanus V role and
the role of its evidence, the devil is depicted under the horse's feet
Ahura Mazda was, in fact, under the feet of horses, fallen earth
sculptures are the enemies of the king and Ahura Mazda. In this role Ardeshir Ardavān victory over the devil appeared Mazda is tantamount victory.

God was given to the king and his family. Mazda Brsmya branches cane in his left hand that is holding the scepter may have been.

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Petroglyph Ahura Mazda and Ardashir

Battle of Shapur II

In this role, King is located in the left hand and the other carries in his back. King just like the horse is a horse Details of Hormuz II and ornaments on the head, neck, abdomen and below it are executed. King with his right hand a long spear that pierced into the neck of the enemy, and it is. Nutant on the cover of the enemy and realized it could be that he is king of the house. Her horse horse hit the sign of the impacts of the King, on the hind legs and head up the fallen

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Shapur II's battle with Philip the Arab

Battle of Hormuz II and the unfinished December Narseh

Kurangun the tomb of Artaxerxes I and II in the Battle of Hormuz Kurangun Adhur Narseh is unfinished. It plays 8. 40 meters long and 4 meters wide and was unearthed by Schmidt. In this role, Hormuz is second on horseback, had overthrown the enemy armored horsemen and long spear in his stomach exemplified by a chaotic collapse.

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Battle of Hormuz II and the unfinished December Narseh



Friends Sorry apologize profusely because of the greatness of Iran
Naqsh-e Rustam is very beautiful very long article, but this is another beautiful places Iran is a powerful country

I hope you try it once to travel places

Good luck

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