Early Japan until 710 Emperors and Empresses part3

3 - Published in Japan - Social interactions and entertainment - 5 years ago

There are two Japanese words equivalent to the English word Emperor: tennō (天皇, lit. heavenly sovereign), which is used exclusively to refer to an Emperor of Japan, and kōtei (皇帝, the title used for all other foreign Emperors), which is used primarily to describe non-Japanese Emperors. Sumeramikoto (lit. the Imperial person) was also used in Old Japanese. The term tennō was used by the Emperors up until the Middle Ages.
Originally, the ruler of Japan was known as either 大和大王/大君 (Yamato-ōkimi, Grand King of Yamato), 倭王/倭国王 (Wa-ō/Wakoku-ōKing of Wa, used externally), or 治天下大王 (ame-no-shita shiroshimesu ōkimi or sumera no mikoto, Grand King who rules all under heaven, used internally) in Japanese and Chinese sources prior to the 7th century.

3)Emperor Annei (安寧天皇) also known as shikitsuhikotamatemi no Mikoto; was the third emperor of Japan,according to the traditional order of succession.
No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor s life, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 549 to 511 B.C. near the end of  the Jomon period.

Modern history have come to question the existence of at least the first nine emperors,so Annei s descendant, Emperor Sujin is the first one that many agree  might have actually existed.

4)Emperor Itoku (懿徳天皇) also known as Ooyamatohikosukitomo no Mikoto; was the fourth emperor of Japan,according to the traditional order of succession.
No firm dates can be assigned to this emperor s life, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 510 BC–476 BC.
In the Kojiki and Nihonshoki only his name and genealogy were recorded. He is believed to be the son of Emperor Annei; and his mother is believed to have been Nunasoko-Nakatsu-hime, who was the granddaughter of Kotoshiro-Nushi-no-kami.
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6b/Itoku_misasagi_Nara.jpg/640px-Itoku_misasagi_Nara.jpg
*Memorial Shinto shrine and mausoleum honoring Emperor Itoku.

He is considered to have been the third of eight emperors without specific legends associated with them, also known as the eight undocumented monarchs (欠史八代, Kesshi-hachidai).
Jien records that Itoku was the second or third son of Emperor Annei,but the surviving documents provide no basis for speculating why the elder brother or brothers were passed over. He is traditionally believed to have ruled from the palace of Migario-no-miya at Karu in what would come to be known as Yamato province.

Thank you for reading.
With respect: Shiro
                                                                                    Note: Tomorrow article-Emperors and Empresses (part4)

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Good article
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Read, vote and support. No new articles? Sad Well, I hope you will start to write again when you finish as a MoFA.